Android Basic example

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Android Studio Example

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The code below shows a sample implementation of the Nielsen SDK. The goal of this project was to design a very basic application using the built in AVPlayer. The SDK packages do come with a variety of additional Sample Applications that we encourage each developer to review in addition to the below code. If you have any questions, please reach out to your Account Manager or Technical Account Manager.

NielsenInit.java

public class NielsenInit {

    private AppSdk mAppSdk = null;

    public AppSdk initAppSdk(Context mContext, IAppNotifier appNotifier){

        try {

            //Initialising the NielsenAppSDK class by passing app information which returns the instance of AppSdk.

            JSONObject appInformation = new JSONObject()

                    .put("appid", "PDA7D5EE6-B1B8-4123-9277-2A788BXXXXXX")
                    .put("appversion", "1.0")
                    .put("sfcode", "dcr")
                    .put("nol_devDebug", "INFO");

            mAppSdk = new AppSdk(mContext, appInformation, appNotifier);

        } catch (JSONException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        return mAppSdk;
    }
}

SDKMethods.java

import org.json.JSONException;
import org.json.JSONObject;

/**
 * Created by abdul on 02/03/18.
 */

public class SDKMethods {

    public String url = "";
    JSONObject content = null;


    public void setContentUrl(){
        //Loading Content URL
        url = "http://www.nielseninternet.com/NielsenConsumer/prog_index.m3u8";
    }

    public void setAdUrl(){
        //Loading Ad URL
        url = "http://www.nielseninternet.com/NWCC-3002/prog_index.m3u8";
    }

    public void setDtvrUrl(){
        //Loading DTVR URL
        url = "http://www.nielseninternet.com/VOD/NielsenScienceBehindWhatsNext/prog_index.m3u8";
    }

    //Loading Channel Info.
    public JSONObject loadChannelInfo(){

        JSONObject channel = null;
        try {

        channel = new JSONObject()
                .put("channelName", "ChannelTitle")
                .put("mediaURL", url);

        } catch (JSONException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return  channel;
    }

    //Loading content Data
    public JSONObject loadContentData(){

        url = "http://www.nielseninternet.com/NielsenConsumer/prog_index.m3u8";

        JSONObject content = null;
        try {
            content = new JSONObject()
                    .put( "type","content")
                    .put( "assetid","C77664")
                    .put( "length","3600")
                    .put( "program","MyProgram")
                    .put( "segB","CustomSegmentValueB")
                    .put( "segC","segmentC")
                    .put( "title","S2,E3")
                    .put( "section","cloudApi_app")
                    .put( "airdate","20180306 10:00:00")
                    .put( "isfullepisode","y")
                    .put( "adloadtype","2")
                    .put( "channelName","My Channel 1")
                    .put( "pipMode","false");


        } catch (JSONException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return content;
    }

    //Loading PreRoll Ad data
    public JSONObject loadPreRollAdData(){

        url = "http://www.nielseninternet.com/NWCC-3002/prog_index.m3u8";

        JSONObject ad = null;
        try {
            //We should pass content dictionary also in Ad video.

            ad = new JSONObject()
                    .put("type", "preroll")
                    .put("assetid", "AD1")
                    .put("title", "ADPreTitle");

        } catch (JSONException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return ad;
    }

    //Loading DTVR data
    public JSONObject loadDtvr() {

        JSONObject dtvr = null;
        url = "http://www.nielseninternet.com/NWCC-3002/prog_index.m3u8";
        try {

            dtvr = new JSONObject()
                    .put( "type","content")
                    .put("adModel", "1");

        } catch (JSONException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        return dtvr;
    }
}

MainActivity.java

import ...

import org.json.JSONException;
import org.json.JSONObject;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.charset.StandardCharsets;
import java.util.regex.Pattern;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements IAppNotifier, SurfaceHolder.Callback, View.OnClickListener,
        MediaPlayer.OnPreparedListener, MediaPlayer.OnCompletionListener, MediaPlayer.OnErrorListener,
        MediaPlayer.OnTimedMetaDataAvailableListener, MediaPlayer.OnInfoListener {

    public static final String TAG = MainActivity.class.getSimpleName();

    private SurfaceView mSurfaceView;
    private SeekBar seek;
    Button btnPlay;

    AppSdk appSdk;
    private int videoType, totalVideos;
    private int totalVideosPlayed = 0;
    private boolean isVideoStarted = false, isPaused = false;
    JSONObject data = null;

    private MediaPlayer mMediaPlayer;
    private SurfaceHolder mSurfaceHolder;

    SDKMethods sdkMethods;

    private ProgressDialog dialog;
    private Handler playheadHandler;
    private Runnable playheadRunnable;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        //Mark: In SDKMethods class we wrote methods which creates content,Ad,DTVR objects
        sdkMethods = new SDKMethods();

        getIntents();
        initUI();

        //Mark: In NielsenInit class we are initialising the NielsenSDK.
        //Getting the instance of NielsenSDK.
        NielsenInit nielsenInit = new NielsenInit();

        //3rd parameter "this" referes to IAppNotifier interface which is needed to initialise NielsenSDK.
        appSdk = nielsenInit.initAppSdk(getApplicationContext(), this);

    }

    private void initUI() {

        //Initialising UI elements
        seek = (SeekBar) findViewById(R.id.seek);
        btnPlay = (Button) findViewById(R.id.btnPlay);
        btnPlay.setOnClickListener(this);
    }

    private void getIntents() {

        //Getting intents
        videoType = getIntent().getIntExtra(Constants.INTENT_VIDEO_TYPE, 0);
        totalVideos = getIntent().getIntExtra(Constants.INTENT_TOTAL_VIDEOS, 0);

        if(videoType == Constants.onlyContent){
            //loading video content url
            sdkMethods.setContentUrl();

        }else if(videoType == Constants.dtvrVideo){
            //loading video DTVR url
            sdkMethods.setDtvrUrl();

        }else{
            //loading video Ad url
            sdkMethods.setAdUrl();
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void surfaceCreated(SurfaceHolder holder) {

        Log.v(TAG, "surfaceCreated Called");

        if (isPaused) {
            //Once video is resumed after pause, setting surfaceholder to player.
            if (mMediaPlayer != null) {

                mSurfaceHolder = mSurfaceView.getHolder();
                mMediaPlayer.setDisplay(mSurfaceHolder);
            }

        } else {

            //This will execute only for first time.
            setUpPlayer();
            mMediaPlayer.setOnCompletionListener(this);
            mMediaPlayer.setOnErrorListener(this);
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onCompletion(MediaPlayer mediaPlayer) {
        try {

            playheadHandler.removeCallbacks(playheadRunnable);

            ///As 1 video completed playing, incrementing the variable value.
            totalVideosPlayed++;

            if (videoType == Constants.onlyContent || totalVideosPlayed == totalVideos) {

                //on content video complete, updating event as "complete" in object
                appSdk.end();
            } else {
                //on Ad complete, updating event as "adStop" in object
                appSdk.stop();
            }


            releaseMediaPlayer();

            checkVideosToBePlayed();

         } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    private void checkVideosToBePlayed(){

        //Checking if total videos played or not.
        if (totalVideosPlayed != totalVideos) {

            data = new JSONObject();

            //Checking if videoType is contentWithOneAd, then after completion of Ad, will play the content video.
            if (videoType == Constants.contentWithOneAd) {

                //loading video content data
                data = sdkMethods.loadContentData();

            }

            showProgressDialog();

            setUpPlayer();

            mMediaPlayer.setOnCompletionListener(this);
            mMediaPlayer.setOnErrorListener(this);

        }
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onError(MediaPlayer mediaPlayer, int i, int li) {
        Log.e(TAG, "Player error codes:" + i + ", " + li);
        return false;
    }

    //creating player
    private void setUpPlayer() {
        try {

            mMediaPlayer = new MediaPlayer();
            mMediaPlayer.setDisplay(mSurfaceHolder);
            mMediaPlayer.setDataSource(sdkMethods.url);
            mMediaPlayer.setOnPreparedListener(MainActivity.this);
            mMediaPlayer.prepareAsync();

        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void surfaceChanged(SurfaceHolder holder, int format, int width, int height) {
        Log.v(TAG, "surfaceChanged Called");
    }

    @Override
    public void surfaceDestroyed(SurfaceHolder holder) {
        Log.v(TAG, "surfaceDestroyed Called");
    }

    @Override
    public void onPrepared(MediaPlayer mp) {

        if (dialog.isShowing()) {
            dialog.dismiss();
        }


        if(totalVideosPlayed == 0){
            //For first time sending Channel info to SDK using "play" method.
            appSdk.play(sdkMethods.loadChannelInfo());
        }

        if(videoType == Constants.dtvrVideo){

            //loading DTVR metadata
            data = sdkMethods.loadDtvr();
        }else{

            //loading video content metadata data
            data = sdkMethods.loadContentData();
        }
        //Sending metadata to SDK.
        appSdk.loadMetadata(data);

        if(videoType == Constants.contentWithOneAd){
            //loading Ad data
            data = sdkMethods.loadPreRollAdData();
            appSdk.loadMetadata(data);
        }

        if(videoType == Constants.dtvrVideo){
            //Setting infoListener and TimedMetaDataListener to listen ID3 tags
            //Needed only for DTVR
            mMediaPlayer.setOnInfoListener(this);
            mMediaPlayer.setOnTimedMetaDataAvailableListener(this);
        }

        //Setting max value to seekbar
        seek.setMax(convertTotime(mMediaPlayer.getDuration()));
        isVideoStarted = true;

        updateSeekbarAndPlayhead();
        mMediaPlayer.start();

    }

    @Override
    protected void onPause() {
        super.onPause();

        setPauseAction();
    }

    private void setPauseAction() {
        try {
            if (mMediaPlayer != null) {

                isVideoStarted = false;
                isPaused = true;
                //Pausing media player
                mMediaPlayer.pause();

                //On moving to other screen calling "stop" method of SDK.
                appSdk.stop();

                btnPlay.setText(getString(R.string.play));

            }

        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    @Override
    protected void onDestroy() {
        super.onDestroy();
        releaseMediaPlayer();
    }

    private void releaseMediaPlayer() {
        if (mMediaPlayer != null) {
            mMediaPlayer.release();
            mMediaPlayer = null;
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onClick(View view) {
        switch (view.getId()) {
            case R.id.btnPlay:
                try {
                    //If video is not yet played, then it will "play" else it will "pause" the video
                    if (!isVideoStarted) {

                        btnPlay.setText(getString(R.string.pause));

                        if (isPaused) {

                            isVideoStarted = true;
                            isPaused = false;

                            mMediaPlayer.start();

                        } else {

                            mSurfaceView = (SurfaceView) findViewById(R.id.surface_view);
                            mSurfaceView.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);

                            showProgressDialog();

                            mSurfaceHolder = mSurfaceView.getHolder();
                            mSurfaceHolder.addCallback(MainActivity.this);

                        }

                    } else {
                        //Pause button clicked, so pausing the video
                        setPauseAction();
                    }

                } catch (Exception e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
                break;
        }

    }

    //Updates seekbar
    private void updateSeekbarAndPlayhead() {
        try {
            playheadHandler = new Handler();


            //Make sure you update Seekbar on UI thread
            MainActivity.this.runOnUiThread(playheadRunnable = new Runnable() {

                @Override
                public void run() {
                    if (mMediaPlayer != null) {

                        //getting current position of media player
                        int mCurrentPosition = mMediaPlayer.getCurrentPosition() / 1000;

                        seek.setProgress(mCurrentPosition);
                        try {
                            //Checking If video player is not paused and video is playing and is not a DTVR
                            if (!isPaused && mMediaPlayer.isPlaying() && videoType != Constants.dtvrVideo) {

                                //Sending playHeadPosition to SDK.
                                appSdk.setPlayheadPosition(mCurrentPosition);
                            }
                        } catch (Exception e) {
                            e.printStackTrace();
                        }

                    }
                    playheadHandler.postDelayed(this, 1000);
                }
            });

        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    private int convertTotime(long milliSec) {

        int minutes = (int) (milliSec / 1000);
        return minutes;
    }

    private void showProgressDialog() {

        runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {
            public void run() {
                //Showing progress dialog
                dialog = new ProgressDialog(MainActivity.this);
                dialog.setCancelable(false);
                dialog.setMessage(getString(R.string.loading));
                dialog.show();
            }
        });
    }

    @Override
    public void onAppSdkEvent(long l, int i, String s) {
        //Default method of IAppNotifier interface
    }

    @Override
    public void onTimedMetaDataAvailable(MediaPlayer mediaPlayer, TimedMetaData timedMetaData) {

        if(timedMetaData != null && timedMetaData.getMetaData() != null && mMediaPlayer.isPlaying()){

            //getting metadata.
            String iD3Payload = new String(timedMetaData.getMetaData(), StandardCharsets.UTF_8);

            //If tag metadata contains "www.nielsen.com", then only sending to SDK
            if (null != iD3Payload && iD3Payload.contains("www.nielsen.com"))
            {
                //getting index
                int index = iD3Payload.indexOf("www.nielsen.com");

                //getting substring as ID3 tag will be of 249 characters
                String id3String = iD3Payload.substring(index, (index + 249));
                Log.d(TAG, "TimedMetaData ID3 Tag:" + id3String);

                //Sending ID3 tag to SDK.
                appSdk.sendID3(id3String);
            }

        }

    }

    @Override
    public boolean onInfo(MediaPlayer mp, int what, int extra)
    {
        boolean isInfoHandled = false;
        if (what == MediaPlayer.MEDIA_INFO_METADATA_UPDATE)
        {
            // Once metadata is available, select an ID3 track in order
            // to be able to receive timed metadata updates.
            selectId3Track(mp);
            isInfoHandled = true;
        }
        return isInfoHandled;
    }

    //Selects ID3 tag to receive TimedMetadata.
    private void selectId3Track(MediaPlayer mp)
    {
        try
        {
            if (mp != null)
            {
                MediaPlayer.TrackInfo[] tracks = mp.getTrackInfo();
                if (tracks.length > 0)
                {
                    //Getting ID3 Pattern
                    Pattern id3mime = Pattern.compile("mime=.*\\/.*id3.*,", Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE);
                    for (int i = 0; i < tracks.length; i++)
                    {
                        MediaPlayer.TrackInfo track = tracks[i];
                        if (id3mime.matcher(track.toString()).find())
                        {
                            //Selecting ID3 track to receive timedMetaData.
                            mp.selectTrack(i);
                            Log.d(TAG, "Track #" + i + " has been selected ::: " + track);
                            break;
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Log.e(TAG, "Couldn't select ID3 track for MediaPlayer", e);
        }
    }
}